The SEAwise project will deliver a tool to support the implementation of Ecosystem Based Fisheries Management (EBFM) in Europe. As part of development of the tool, it was vital for SEAwise to identify the often complex ecological, social and economic interactions that affect fisheries management, as well as models that can evaluate how well such interactions are accounted for by fisheries management strategies. These strategies include objectives, management measures, and indicators to evaluate the effectiveness of the strategies. The research ultimately found that social interactions are often overlooked when scientists evaluate management strategies using modelling – but models do exist which could be used to address this shortfall.
The two key aims of the report were to identify:
Working with the SEAwise project team, fisheries stakeholders across Europe put forward the issues they considered to be most important to address in fisheries management, for example jobs, MPAs, and marine pollution. SEAwise researchers then carried out a systematic review of the scientific literature to review what models have been used to date to evaluate management strategies in relation to ecological, social and economic elements and how often the use of these models produced management advice which could be implemented. (For a refresher on how models are used to design and evaluate fisheries management, see our blog post on them.)
Key findings included that:
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